Before I start, I have to explain what a block is
A block, in this context, is the basic foundation. A skirt block is the foundation skirt piece. It is not a finished work. You can not sew this for a client, or even for yourself. But you use this block to know how to sew a skirt. It is from this block that other styles like pencil skirt, mermaid skirt etc is derived.
There are five basic blocks in fashion sewing:
- Skirt Block
- Bodice Block: This is used to learn how to sew blouses and tops
- Dress Block: This is used to learn how to sew different types of gowns
- Sleeve Block: This is use to learn how to sew different types of sleeves
- Flare Block: This is used to sew styles like peplum, maxi skirt etc.
To learn the skirt block, there are some formulas you need to get familiar with.
First some definitions:
Shoulder to waist: This is your measurement from shoulder to waist. measure it and note it. For this tutorial we will assume its 17 inches.
Shoulder to hip: This is your measurement from shoulder to hip. Measure and note it. For this tutorial, we will presume its 26 inches
Shoulder to knee: This is your measurement from shoulder to knee. Measure and note it. For this tutorial, we will presume its 41 inches.
Waist: This is your measurement of your waist. Take your measuring tape around your waist and note it.
Hip: This is your measurement of your hip. Take your measuring tape around your hip and note it.
To get your waist to hip measurement, subtract your Shoulder to waist from your Shoulder to hip. Remember we said we will presume shoulder to waist is 17 inches, while shoulder to hip is 26 inches. So using these values, our waist to hip will be:
26 – 17 = 9 inches.
To get your waist to knee measurement, subtract your Shoulder to waist from your Shoulder to Knee. Remember we said we will presume shoulder to waist is 17 inches, while shoulder to hip is 41 inches. So using these values, our waist to knee will be:
41 – 17 = 24 inches
(Every tailor does this mathematics. That is why they will take your entire measurement from the shoulder and yet still be able to sew skirt and blouse for you. They do not measure for skirt separate and then measure for blouse separate. No. They measure from shoulder to wherever your outfit will stop, then they do these mathematics to get the values they need to cut your fabric. )
Now that you have done the mathematics, you have the complete set of measurements you need to cut the fabric.
Set of Measurements you need for skirt:
- Waist to hip
- Waist to Knee
Good. Now you can watch the video and understand it perfectly.
AMOUNT OF FABRIC you will need:
- Width = Hip measurement + 14 in.
- Length = Waist to Knee measurement +1 in.
EQUIPMENT NEEDED • Tape measure • Chalk/Fabric marker • Iron and ironing board • Pins and Scissors